Frequently Asked Questions About Infantile Spasms
What causes infantile spasms?
Most children with infantile spasms have had a prior brain disorder or injury, but others have no existing condition and have developed normally prior to the onset of infantile spasms. Babies with infantile spasms often stop developing and may lose skills they have already mastered, like sitting, rolling over or babbling.
How are infantile spasms treated?
ACTH therapy is the mainstay treatment for infantile spasms. Infants with infantile spasms and the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis may sometimes be tried first on Vigabatrin (Sabril).
What is the long-term outlook for a child with infantile spasms?
In many cases, the earlier the seizures are recognized and treated, the better the outcome will be for the child. Long-term effects of infantile spasms can include epilepsy, developmental delay, cognitive impairments and autism.