OUR INSTITUTES: CANCER | HEART | NEUROSCIENCE | ORTHOPAEDICS
 
 

Pediatric Health Library :: Pediatric Health Library Topics
Share |
Printer Friendly
SAFETY/INJURY PREVENT

Fire Safety and Burns

What are the different types of burns?

A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer from a heat source to the body. There are many types of burns caused by thermal, radiation, chemical, or electrical contact.

  • thermal burns - burns due to external heat sources which raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam, and flames, when coming in contact with the skin, can cause thermal burns.
  • radiation burns - burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as x-ray.
  • chemical burns - burns due to strong acids or alkaloids coming into contact with the skin and/or eyes.
  • electrical burns - burns due to a contact with an alternating current, such as open wiring or being struck by lightening.

Fires and burns are the fifth-leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths among children ages 14 and under.

The leading cause of residential fire-related death and injury among children ages 5 and younger is child play, when children are left unattended. Most fires started by child play are set with matches or lighters.

However, taking a few precautions in your home can go a long way in keeping your family safe. According to the National SAFE KIDS Campaign, you can make your home more fire- and burn-proof by taking the following steps:

  • Install and maintain your smoke alarms (working smoke alarms can cut the chance of dying in a residential fire in half).
  • Install sprinkler systems.
  • Develop a fire escape plan with your family.
  • Keep and maintain your fire extinguishers.
  • Lower the setting on water heater thermostats to 120° F or below to prevent scald burns.
  • Install anti-scald devices in water faucets and shower heads.
  • Teach fire and burn safety behavior to your children.

Teaching your family about safety and burn prevention could save lives. Listed in the directory below is additional information related to fire safety and burns.

If you cannot find the information in which you are interested, please visit the Safety and Injury Prevention Online Resources page in this Web site for an Internet/World Wide Web address that may contain additional information on that topic.

CH_ATP

It is important to remember the health information found on this website is for reference only not intended to replace the advice and guidance of your healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.
PEDIATRIC HEALTH LIBRARY
SAFETY/INJURY PREVENT HOME
TOPIC INDEX
RESOURCES
GLOSSARY
RELATED LINKS:
ARTICLES
NEWS
VIDEO
spacer

Facebook  Twitter  Pinterest  Instagram  Foursquare  LinkedIn  YouTube  RSS  CHOC Blog

US News     CAPE Award   Magnet      Beacon Award      Most Trusted Brand     Leapfrog

chocChildren's Hospital of Orange County | UCI University of California, Irvine

Children's Hospital of Orange County is affiliated with UC Irvine Healthcare and UC Irvine School of Medicine

CHOC Children's - 1201 W La Veta Ave, Orange, CA. Phone: 714-997-3000. .