Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are injuries to the lower back. Spondylolysis refers to a fracture and spondylolisthesis refers to a slippage of a disc in this area.

What are the symptoms of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis?

Symptoms can include:

  • Lower back pain
  • Pain in the buttocks or legs
  • Muscle spasms.

How are spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis treated?

Treatment may include anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy, bracing and activity modification. Core muscle strengthening is important to prevent reinjury. Learn how our physical therapists use pilates to strengthen your child’s core muscles.

Most patients whose disc is slipped less than 50 percent will fare well through adolescence. If the slippage is more than 50 percent, the disc may slip more as the teen grows. A small number of patients will require spinal fusion. Learn more about spinal fusion surgery.