Frequently Asked Questions About ASD
What are the symptoms of ASD?
Symptoms of ASD can occur in two categories.
- Poorly integrated verbal and nonverbal communication
- Delayed language development (infrequently, some children will “regress” in language skills)
- Poor eye contact during interactions
- Trouble understanding the perspective of others
- Challenges with reciprocity during play, social interactions and conversations
- Lack of peer interest
Repetitive behaviors and restricted interests
- Immediate or delayed echolalia (repeating words while learning to speak)
- Has repetitive motor movements (such as rocking and hand or finger flapping)
- Is preoccupied by certain objects or topics
- Sensory interests (e.g., interest in objects with lights that move or make sounds)
- Sensitive to sounds, textures or tastes
- Has rituals
- Requires routines
Because ASD is a highly heterogeneous disorder, the symptoms of ASD are not the same in every child. The severity of the symptoms will also vary by child. Because of this, it is important to talk with a specialist if you feel your child may have ASD.
What is the treatment for a child with ASD?
Several types of therapy and treatment may help a child reach their full potential, including:
- Applied behavior analysis (ABA)
- Speech therapy
- Occupational therapy
How do I interact with a child who has ASD?
Children with ASD have trouble relating to other people. They may have difficulty making eye contact and may seem uninterested in relating to family members. On the other hand, some children with ASD may love talking at length with family members, friends and even strangers about a subject they are interested in.
If you are a parent or grandparent of a child with an ASD, you may find it difficult to connect with them. Learning more about these disorders may help you understand the child in your life, and help you improve your relationship with them.