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Nutrition Newsletter
Clinical Nutrition and Lactation Services Newsletter

November is National Diabetes Awareness Month!

Getting to Know Diabetes
By Leah Ballamy MS, RD, CSP

Did you know that every 17 seconds someone is diagnosed with Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which affects the body’s ability to utilize blood glucose for energy.  There are several types of Diabetes, but the most common are Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.  

Type 1 Diabetes inhibits the body’s ability to produce insulin, and can be managed with insulin injections, diet and exercise. It’s anticipated that Type 1 Diabetes will increase by 70% by 2020.  Research suggests that unlike Type 1 Diabetes, it may be possible to prevent or delay Type 2 Diabetes, which is impaired utilization of insulin. The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes is expected to exceed Type 1 Diabetes within 10 years and currently accounts for 90% of Diabetes cases. Studies show that just 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily and a 5-10% reduction in body weight can reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes by 58%.

Know the signs and symptoms of Diabetes. Early diagnosis saves lives!

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent and excessive urination
  • Fatigue
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea/vomiting

Treatment and prevention includes:

  • Avoid concentrated sweets and sugary beverages such a regular soda, juice and sport drinks.
  • Consume an average of 45-60g carbohydrates per meal and 5-15g carbohydrates per snacks (50-60% total calories).
  • Eat every 3-4 hours. Avoid skipping meals and eating late at night.
  • Eat more fiber from whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes.
  • Decrease saturated fat (7-10% total calories) and total fat (25-30% total calories). Choose lean meats, low-fat dairy products and low-fat snack foods.
  • Exercise 60 minutes daily
  • Moderately reduce usual food intake by 250-500 calories, which should promote weight management/slow weight loss
  • Check blood glucose and take medication as instructed

Where to find more information about Diabetes:

www.padrefoundation.org  (Pediatric Adolescent Diabetes Research Education)
www.jdrf.org (Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation)
www.Diabetes.org (American D iabetes Association)
www.childrenwithdiabetes.com  (family  support network)

CHOC CHILDREN'S PUBLICATIONS
PHYSICIAN CONNECTION ENEWSLETTER
KIDS HEALTH MAGAZINE
ANNUAL REPORT
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