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DERMATOLOGY :: Bacterial Skin Infections

Folliculitis, Boils, and Carbuncles

What are folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles?

Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles due to an infection, injury, or irritation. It is characterized by tender, swollen areas that form around hair follicles, often on the neck, breasts, buttocks, and face.

Boils are pus-filled lesions that are painful and usually firm. Boils are usually located in the waist area, groin, buttocks, and under the arm.

Carbuncles are clusters of boils. These are usually found in the back of the neck or thigh.

What are the symptoms of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles?

The following are the most common symptoms of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles. However, each child may experience symptoms differently.

Symptoms for folliculitis may include:

  • pus in the hair follicle
  • irritated and red follicles
  • damaged hair

Symptoms for boils may include:

  • pus in the center of the boil
  • whitish, bloody discharge from the boil

Symptoms for carbuncles (clusters of boils) may include:

  • pus in the center of the boils
  • whitish, bloody discharge from the boils
  • fever
  • fatigue

The symptoms of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles may resemble other skin conditions. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

How are folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles diagnosed?

Diagnosis of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles are made by your child's physician after a thorough medical history and physical examination. After examining the lesions, your child's physician may culture the wounds (obtain a sample of the drainage of the wound, allow it to grow in the laboratory, and identify specific bacteria) to help verify the diagnosis and to help in selecting the best treatment.

Treatment for folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles:

Specific treatment for folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles will be determined by your child's physician based on:

  • your child's age, overall health, and medical history
  • extent of the condition
  • your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • expectations for the course of the condition
  • your opinion or preference

Treatment may include:

  • topical antibiotics (for folliculitis)
  • for carbuncles and boils, a warm compress may be used to help promote drainage of the lesion
  • oral or intravenous (IV) antibiotics (to treat the infection)
  • possible removal of the boils and carbuncles

Carbuncles heal more slowly than a single boil. Keeping the skin clean helps to prevent these conditions from occurring.

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It is important to remember the health information found on this website is for reference only not intended to replace the advice and guidance of your healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.
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