ORAL HEALTH :: Prevention of Oral Problems
Brushing and Toothpaste
Cleaning your child’s mouth should start from day one. Even before your child actually has teeth, it is important to perform mouth care. Using a damp washcloth or piece of gauze, gently rub it over your infant's gums to help clean the mouth. A soft toothbrush, wet with water, may be used after your infant has developed some teeth. It is important to brush them twice a day. Children will need help brushing their teeth until they are around the age of 7 to 8. It is advised to consult your child's dentist regarding the appropriate time for your toddler to begin using toothpaste. Only a very small amount of toothpaste should be used because young children will often swallow the toothpaste, instead of spitting it out.
The importance of brushing:
The single best way to remove harmful plaque - a thin, sticky film of bacteria - from teeth and gums is to brush teeth regularly and properly.
What is the proper technique for teeth brushing?
Because every mouth is different, there is more than one technique of brushing that has proven to be effective. Deciding which technique is most appropriate for your child depends largely on your child's teeth positions and gum condition. Consult your child's pediatric dentist to determine which brushing technique is most appropriate for your child's mouth.
Generally, most dentists recommend a circular technique for brushing. This includes brushing only a small group of teeth at a time and gradually covering the entire mouth. The importance of maintaining a circular or elliptical motion is emphasized as using a back and forth motion may cause the following:
Instead, dentists recommend the following method:
What type of toothbrush should be used?
A toothbrush head should be small - about 1 inch by 1/2 inch - and should have a handle suitable for firm grasping. The bristles of the brush should be soft, nylon, and rounded at the ends. This helps ensure that the brush bristles are reaching the spaces between the teeth as well as the surface. Some brushes are too abrasive and can wear down the enamel on teeth. Thus, in most cases, medium and hard bristles are not recommended.
How often is brushing necessary?
Generally, brushing is recommended twice a day for at least two to three minutes each time. People generally think they are brushing long enough, when, in fact, most people spend less than one minute brushing.
Dentists advise brushing your teeth during the day while at work, school, or play. Keeping a toothbrush handy - in your desk or backpack - increases the chances that you will brush during the day.
What is toothpaste?
Also called dentifrice, toothpaste is comprised of the following cleaning ingredients (stated in approximate percentages):
Facts about toothpaste:
Brushing with toothpaste (particularly toothpaste with fluoride) helps to accomplish the following:
Note: It is advised to consult your child's dentist regarding the appropriate time for your toddler to begin using toothpaste.
Which type of toothpaste is best?
Fluoride is the most crucial ingredient in toothpaste. As long as the toothpaste contains fluoride, the brand, nor type (paste, gel, or powder) generally does not matter. All fluoride toothpastes work effectively to fight plaque and cavities, and to clean and polish tooth enamel. The brand you choose should bear the ADA (American Dental Association) seal of approval on the container, which means that adequate evidence of safety and efficacy have been demonstrated in controlled, clinical trials.
Some toothpastes offer tartar control pyrophosphates to prevent the build-up of soft calculus deposits on teeth, while others offer whitening formulas to safely remove stains making teeth brighter and shinier. But, contrary to clever advertising and popular belief, fluoride is the true active ingredient that works the hardest to protect your teeth.
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It is important to remember the health information found on this website is for reference only not intended to replace the advice and guidance of your healthcare provider. Always seek the advice of your physician with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.
© Children's Hospital of Orange County